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They contain very important high-rainfall mountain catchments which are protected in terms of several proclaimed Nature Reserves.
The historic and cultural history of the region is of great importance to the Swazi Nation as well as that of the early colonial era.
Achaean serpentinites in the Komati river valley, South Africa, have distinctive crystal textures and volcanic features which distinguish them from normal coarse-grained serpentinites.
Its beauty and accessibility makes it a natural destination for tourism where visitors from southern Africa and overseas can enjoy an inspirational and educational experience.
The earliest records of how the earth’s crust was formed, has been provided by Scientific research from the Barberton Mountainlands.
Tidal traces billions of years old are so precisely recorded they allow for calculation of changes in the distance between the earth and the moon.
The Barberton Mountainlands is the only place on earth where the development of the early earth crust and evolution of life itself can be studied.The oldest known fossils date back to about 3.5 billion years ago, and consist of bacteria microfossils. Stromatolites, were colonies of photosynthetic bacteria which today have been found as fossils in the early Archaean rocks of Barberton.