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Legends of Amazon women originated not from South America, but rather Scythia (present day Russia).
Sarmatians (present day Ukraine) are also considered descendants of the Amazonian women tribe.
The Matriarchal Studies school led by Göttner-Abendroth calls for an even more inclusive redefinition of the term: Göttner-Abendroth defines Modern Matriarchal Studies as the "investigation and presentation of non-patriarchal societies", effectively defining matriarchy as non-patriarchy.
The term matrilineal is sometimes used, and, while more accurate, still doesn't reflect the full complexity of their social organization.
Accordingly, these concepts do not represent matriarchy as 'power of women over men'.
In addition, some authors depart from the premise of a mother-child dyad as the core of a human group where the grandmother was the central ancestor with her children and grandchildren clustered around her in an extended family.
Matriarchy is a social system in which females (most notably in mammals) hold the primary power positions in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property at the specific exclusion of males - at least to a large degree.
While those definitions apply in general English, definitions specific to the disciplines of anthropology and feminism differ in some respects.
Etymologically, it is from Latin māter (genitive mātris), "mother" and Greek ἄρχειν arkhein, "to rule".