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In the 13th century, with the written emergence of the Galician language, Galiza became the most usual written form of the name of the country, being replaced during the 15th and 16th centuries by the current form, Galicia.
This coincides with the spelling of the Castilian Spanish name.
Galicia was later influenced by the Bell Beaker culture.
Its rich mineral deposits of tin and gold led to the development of Bronze Age metallurgy, and to the commerce of bronze and gold items all along the Atlantic coast of Western Europe.
The Romans applied their name to all the other tribes in the northwest who spoke the same language and lived the same life.
The etymology of the name has been studied since the 7th century by authors such as Isidore of Seville, who wrote that "Galicians are called so, because of their fair skin, as the Gauls", relating the name to the Greek word for milk.
The Governor also presided the Real Audiencia do Reino de Galicia, a royal tribunal and government body.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, demand grew for self-government and for the recognition of the culture of Galicia.In 410, the Germanic Suebi established a kingdom with its capital in Braga (Portugal); this kingdom was incorporated into that of the Visigoths in 585.In 711, the Islamic Umayyad Caliphate invaded the Iberian Peninsula conquering the Visigoth kingdom of Hispania by 718, but soon Galicia was incorporated into the Christian kingdom of Asturias by 740.56% of the Galician population speak Galician as their first language, while 43% speak more in Castilian.
The name Galicia derives from the Latin toponym Callaecia, later Gallaecia, related to the name of an ancient Celtic tribe that resided north of the Douro river, the Gallaeci or Callaeci in Latin, or These Callaeci were the first tribe in the area to help the Lusitanians against the invading Romans.This resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of 1936, soon frustrated by Franco's coup d'etat and subsequent long dictatorship.